Bruxism - Grinding and Clenching

Bruxism is the excessive grinding of the teeth and/or clenching of the jaw. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including stress, alignment of the teeth, diet, sleeping habits and more. The symptoms of bruxism range from mild to severe, with many patients being unaware there is a problem. Symptoms of bruxism include damage to the teeth and dental work, tooth sensitivity, headaches, anxiety, stress, muscle pain, insomnia, earaches and depression.

Bruxism can also lead to, or be caused by, problems with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the joint that connects the upper and lower jaw. It is one of the most complicated joints in the body, allowing forward and backward movement, side to side movement and rotations. Common symptoms of TMJ problems include pain, limited movement of the jaw, clicking sounds, muscle spasms and locking of the jaw.

Your dentist can help diagnose bruxism and TMJ problems, and help evaluate the causes. Common treatments include night guards, bite guards and bite adjustments. If you experience and symptoms of bruxism or TMJ problems, consult your dentist, who can guide you toward the best treatment options for your situation.

Information Type: 
Patient Brochures

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P.O. Box 650, 1018B Osler Avenue,

Crossfield, Alberta, T0M 0S0